[Gluster-users] Stale File Handle Errors During Heavy Writes

Olaf Buitelaar olaf.buitelaar at gmail.com
Wed Nov 27 18:55:49 UTC 2019

Hi Tim,

That issue also seems to point to a stale file. Best i suppose is first to
determine if you indeed have the same shard on different sub-volumes, where
on one of the sub-volumes the file size is 0KB and has the stick bit set.
if so we suffer from the same issue, and you can clean those files up, so
the `rm` command should start working again.
Essentially you should consider the volume unhealty until you have resolved
the stale files, before you can continue file operations. Remounting the
client shouldn't make a difference since the issue is at brick/sub-volume

the last comment i received from Krutika;
"I haven't had the chance to look into the attachments yet. I got another
customer case on me.
But from the description, it seems like the linkto file (the one with a
'T') and the original file don't have the same gfid?
It's not wrong for those 'T' files to exist. But they're supposed to have
the same gfid.
This is something that needs DHT team's attention.
Do you mind raising a bug in bugzilla.redhat.com against glusterfs and
component 'distribute' or 'DHT'?"

For me replicating it was easiest with running xfs_fsr (which is very write
intensive in fragmented volumes) from within a VM, but it could happen with
a simple yum install.. docker run (with new image)..general test with dd,
mkfs.xfs or just random, which was the normal case. But i've to say my
workload is mostly write intensive, like yours.

Sharding in general is a nice feature, it allows your files to be broken up
into peaces, which is also it's biggest danger..if anything goes haywire,
it's currently practically impossible to stitch all those peaces together
again, since no tool for this seems to exists..which is the nice thing
about none-sharded volumes, they are just files..but if you really wanted i
suppose it could be done. But would be very painful..i suppose.
With the files being in shard's it allows  for much more equal
distribution. Also heals seem to resolve much quicker.
I'm also running none sharded volumes, with files of 100GB+ and those heals
can take significantly longer. And those none sharded volumes i also
sometime's have issues with..however not remembering any stale files.
But if you don't need it you might be better of disabling it. However i
believe you're never allowed to turn of sharding on a sharded volumes since
it will corrupt your data.

Best Olaf

Op wo 27 nov. 2019 om 19:19 schreef Timothy Orme <torme at ancestry.com>:

> Hi Olaf,
> Thanks so much for sharing this, it's hugely helpful, if only to make me
> feel less like I'm going crazy.  I'll see if theres anything I can add to
> the bug report.  I'm trying to develop a test to reproduce the issue now.
> We're running this in a sort of interactive HPC environment, so these
> error are a bit hard for us to systematically handle, and they have a
> tendency to be quite disruptive to folks work.
> I've run into other issues with sharding as well, such as this:
> https://lists.gluster.org/pipermail/gluster-users/2019-October/037241.html
> I'm wondering then, if maybe sharding isn't quite stable yet and it's more
> sensible for me to just disable this feature for now?  I'm not quite sure
> what other implications that might have but so far all the issues I've run
> into so far as a new gluster user seem like they're related to shards.
> Thanks,
> Tim
> ------------------------------
> *From:* Olaf Buitelaar <olaf.buitelaar at gmail.com>
> *Sent:* Wednesday, November 27, 2019 9:50 AM
> *To:* Timothy Orme <torme at ancestry.com>
> *Cc:* gluster-users <gluster-users at gluster.org>
> *Subject:* [EXTERNAL] Re: [Gluster-users] Stale File Handle Errors During
> Heavy Writes
> Hi Tim,
> i've been suffering from this also for a long time, not sure if it's exact
> the same situation since your setup is different. But it seems similar.
> i've filed this bug report;
> https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1732961
> <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__bugzilla.redhat.com_show-5Fbug.cgi-3Fid-3D1732961&d=DwMFaQ&c=kKqjBR9KKWaWpMhASkPbOg&r=d0SJB4ihnau-Oyws6GEzcipkV9DfxCuMbgdSRgXeuxM&m=Nh3Ca9VCh4XnpEF6imXwTa2NUUglz-XZQhfG8-AyOVU&s=GbJiS8pLGORzLwdgt0ypnnQxQgRhrTHdGXEizatE9g0&e=> for
> which you might be able to enrich.
> To solve the stale files i've made this bash script;
> https://gist.github.com/olafbuitelaar/ff6fe9d4ab39696d9ad6ca689cc89986
> <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__gist.github.com_olafbuitelaar_ff6fe9d4ab39696d9ad6ca689cc89986&d=DwMFaQ&c=kKqjBR9KKWaWpMhASkPbOg&r=d0SJB4ihnau-Oyws6GEzcipkV9DfxCuMbgdSRgXeuxM&m=Nh3Ca9VCh4XnpEF6imXwTa2NUUglz-XZQhfG8-AyOVU&s=CvN0yMFI03czcHgzTeexTfP9h4woiAO_XVyn1umHR8g&e=> (it's
> slightly outdated) which you could use as inspiration, it basically removes
> the stale files as suggested here;
> https://lists.gluster.org/pipermail/gluster-users/2018-March/033785.html
> <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__lists.gluster.org_pipermail_gluster-2Dusers_2018-2DMarch_033785.html&d=DwMFaQ&c=kKqjBR9KKWaWpMhASkPbOg&r=d0SJB4ihnau-Oyws6GEzcipkV9DfxCuMbgdSRgXeuxM&m=Nh3Ca9VCh4XnpEF6imXwTa2NUUglz-XZQhfG8-AyOVU&s=MGGOwcqFQ8DwBK3MDoMxO-MD6_wrmojY1T9GYqE8WOs&e=> .
> Please be aware the script won't work if you have  2 (or more) bricks of
> the same volume on the same server (since it always takes the first path
> found).
> I invoke the script via ansible like this (since the script needs to run
> on all bricks);
> - hosts: host1,host2,host3
>   tasks:
>     - shell: 'bash /root/clean-stale-gluster-fh.sh --host="{{ intif.ip |
> first }}" --volume=ovirt-data --backup="/backup/stale/gfs/ovirt-data"
> --shard="{{ item }}" --force'
>       with_items:
>         - 1b0ba5c2-dd2b-45d0-9c4b-a39b2123cc13.14451
> fortunately for me the issue seems to be disappeared, since it's now about
> 1 month i received one, while before it was about every other day.
> The biggest thing the seemed to resolve it was more disk space. while
> before there was also plenty the gluster volume was at about 85% full, and
> the individual disk had about 20-30% free of 8TB disk array, but had
> servers in the mix with smaller disk array's but with similar available
> space (in percents). i'm now at much lower percentage.
> So my latest running theory is that it has something todo with how gluster
> allocates the shared's, since it's based on it's hash it might want to
> place it in a certain sub-volume, but than comes to the conclusion it has
> not enough space there, writes a marker to redirect it to another
> sub-volume (thinking this is the stale file). However rebalances don't fix
> this issue.  Also this still doesn't seem explain that most stale files
> always end up in the first sub-volume.
> Unfortunate i've no proof this is actually the root cause, besides that
> the symptom "disappeared" once gluster had more space to work with.
> Best Olaf
> Op wo 27 nov. 2019 om 02:38 schreef Timothy Orme <torme at ancestry.com>:
> Hi All,
> I'm running a 3x2 cluster, v6.5.  Not sure if its relevant, but also have
> sharding enabled.
> I've found that when under heavy write load, clients start erroring out
> with "stale file handle" errors, on files not related to the writes.
> For instance, when a user is running a simple wc against a file, it will
> bail during that operation with "stale file"
> When I check the client logs, I see errors like:
> [2019-11-26 22:41:33.565776] E [MSGID: 109040]
> [dht-helper.c:1336:dht_migration_complete_check_task] 3-scratch-dht:
> 24d53a0e-c28d-41e0-9dbc-a75e823a3c7d: failed to lookup the file on
> scratch-dht  [Stale file handle]
> [2019-11-26 22:41:33.565853] W [fuse-bridge.c:2827:fuse_readv_cbk]
> 0-glusterfs-fuse: 33112038: READ => -1
> gfid=147040e2-a6b8-4f54-8490-f0f3df29ee50 fd=0x7f95d8d0b3f8 (Stale file
> handle)
> I've seen some bugs or other threads referencing similar issues, but
> couldn't really discern a solution from them.
> Is this caused by some consistency issue with metadata while under load or
> something else?  I dont see the issue when heavy reads are occurrring.
> Any help is greatly appreciated!
> Thanks!
> Tim
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