[Gluster-users] Gluster very poor performance when copying small files (1x (2+1) = 3, SSD)
Ondrej.Valousek at s3group.com
Mon Mar 19 09:42:46 UTC 2018
As I posted in my previous emails - glusterfs can never match NFS (especially async one) performance of small files/latency. That's given by the design.
Nothing you can do about it.
From: gluster-users-bounces at gluster.org [mailto:gluster-users-bounces at gluster.org] On Behalf Of Rik Theys
Sent: Monday, March 19, 2018 10:38 AM
To: gluster-users at gluster.org; mailinglists at smcleod.net
Subject: Re: [Gluster-users] Gluster very poor performance when copying small files (1x (2+1) = 3, SSD)
I've done some similar tests and experience similar performance issues (see my 'gluster for home directories?' thread on the list).
If I read your mail correctly, you are comparing an NFS mount of the brick disk against a gluster mount (using the fuse client)?
Which options do you have set on the NFS export (sync or async)?
>From my tests, I concluded that the issue was not bandwidth but latency.
Gluster will only return an IO operation once all bricks have confirmed that the data is on disk. If you are using a fuse mount, you might compare with using the 'direct-io-mode=disable' option on the client might help (no experience with this).
In our tests, I've used NFS-ganesha to serve the gluster volume over NFS. This makes things even worse as NFS-ganesha has no "async" mode, which makes performance terrible.
If you find a magic knob to make glusterfs fast on small-file workloads, do let me know!
On 03/18/2018 11:13 PM, Sam McLeod wrote:
> Howdy all,
> We're experiencing terrible small file performance when copying or
> moving files on gluster clients.
> In the example below, Gluster is taking 6mins~ to copy 128MB / 21,000
> files sideways on a client, doing the same thing on NFS (which I know
> is a totally different solution etc. etc.) takes approximately 10-15
> Any advice for tuning the volume or XFS settings would be greatly
> Hopefully I've included enough relevant information below.
> ## Gluster Client
> root at gluster-client:/mnt/gluster_perf_test/ # du -sh .
> 127M .
> root at gluster-client:/mnt/gluster_perf_test/ # find . -type f | wc -l
> root at gluster-client:/mnt/gluster_perf_test/ # du 9584toto9584.txt
> 4 9584toto9584.txt
> root at gluster-client:/mnt/gluster_perf_test/ # time cp -a private
> real 5m51.862s
> user 0m0.862s
> sys 0m8.334s
> root at gluster-client:/mnt/gluster_perf_test/ # time rm -rf
> real 0m49.702s
> user 0m0.087s
> sys 0m0.958s
> ## Hosts
> - 16x Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2680 v4 @ 2.40GHz per Gluster host /
> - Storage: iSCSI provisioned (via 10Gbit DAC/Fibre), SSD disk, 50K
> R/RW 4k IOP/s, 400MB/s per Gluster host
> - Volumes are replicated across two hosts and one arbiter only host
> - Networking is 10Gbit DAC/Fibre between Gluster hosts and clients
> - 18GB DDR4 ECC memory
> ## Volume Info
> root at gluster-host-01:~ # gluster pool list UUID Hostname
> State ad02970b-e2aa-4ca8-998c-bd10d5970faa gluster-host-02.fqdn
> Connected ea116a94-c19e-48db-b108-0be3ae622e2e gluster-host-03.fqdn
> 2e855c25-e7ac-4ff6-be85-e8bcc6f45ee4 localhost Connected
> root at gluster-host-01:~ # gluster volume info uat_storage
> Volume Name: uat_storage
> Type: Replicate
> Volume ID: 7918f1c5-5031-47b8-b054-56f6f0c569a2
> Status: Started
> Snapshot Count: 0
> Number of Bricks: 1 x (2 + 1) = 3
> Transport-type: tcp
> Brick1: gluster-host-01.fqdn:/mnt/gluster-storage/uat_storage
> Brick2: gluster-host-02.fqdn:/mnt/gluster-storage/uat_storage
> Brick3: gluster-host-03.fqdn:/mnt/gluster-storage/uat_storage
> (arbiter) Options Reconfigured:
> performance.rda-cache-limit: 256MB
> network.inode-lru-limit: 50000
> server.outstanding-rpc-limit: 256
> performance.client-io-threads: true
> nfs.disable: on
> transport.address-family: inet
> client.event-threads: 8
> cluster.eager-lock: true
> cluster.favorite-child-policy: size
> cluster.lookup-optimize: true
> cluster.readdir-optimize: true
> cluster.use-compound-fops: true
> diagnostics.brick-log-level: ERROR
> diagnostics.client-log-level: ERROR
> features.cache-invalidation-timeout: 600
> features.cache-invalidation: true
> network.ping-timeout: 15
> performance.cache-invalidation: true
> performance.cache-max-file-size: 6MB
> performance.cache-refresh-timeout: 60
> performance.cache-size: 1024MB
> performance.io <http://performance.io>-thread-count: 16
> performance.md-cache-timeout: 600
> performance.stat-prefetch: true
> performance.write-behind-window-size: 256MB
> server.event-threads: 8
> transport.listen-backlog: 2048
> root at gluster-host-01:~ # xfs_info /dev/mapper/gluster-storage-unlocked
> meta-data=/dev/mapper/gluster-storage-unlocked isize=512 agcount=4,
> agsize=196607360 blks
> = sectsz=512 attr=2, projid32bit=1
> = crc=1 finobt=0 spinodes=0 data
> = bsize=4096 blocks=786429440, imaxpct=5
> = sunit=0 swidth=0 blks naming
> =version 2 bsize=8192 ascii-ci=0 ftype=1 log
> =internal bsize=4096 blocks=383998, version=2
> = sectsz=512 sunit=0 blks,
> lazy-count=1 realtime =none extsz=4096 blocks=0,
> Sam McLeod (protoporpoise on IRC)
> Words are my own opinions and do not necessarily represent those of my
> employer or partners.
> Gluster-users mailing list
> Gluster-users at gluster.org
KU Leuven - Dept. Elektrotechniek (ESAT) Kasteelpark Arenberg 10 bus 2440 - B-3001 Leuven-Heverlee
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