[Gluster-users] Remove a brick, rebuild it, put it back in

Sergei Gerasenko sgerasenko74 at gmail.com
Mon Oct 10 20:47:16 UTC 2016

The guide here: https://gluster.readthedocs.io/en/latest/
Administrator%20Guide/Managing%20Volumes/#replace-faulty-brick suggests
running the following while the partner host is down:

mkdir /mnt/r2/<name-of-nonexistent-dir> rmdir /mnt/r2/<name-of-nonexistent-
dir> setfattr -n trusted.non-existent-key -v abc /mnt/r2 setfattr -x
trusted.non-existent-key /mnt/r2

That should set an extended attribute on the healthy replica partner
indicating that there are pending changes for the partner host.

Remembering that we're in a distributed, replicated situation, I don't
quite understand because the created directories can be created on any
pair, not necessarily the one we're fixing. I think the name of the
directory should chosen such that its dht value lands the file on the
affected brick (the healthy of the two replicate hosts). That's not easy to

Does somebody have any suggestions?

On Thu, Oct 6, 2016 at 10:47 PM, Sergei Gerasenko <sgerasenko74 at gmail.com>

> Step 10 isn't really necessary. The changes should probably be monitored
> under the brick directory.
> On Thu, Oct 6, 2016 at 10:25 PM, Sergei Gerasenko <sgerasenko74 at gmail.com>
> wrote:
>> I've simulated the problem on 4 VMs in a distributed replicated setup
>> with a 2 replica-factor. I've repeatedly torn down and brought up a VM from
>> a snapshot in each of my tests.
>> What has worked so far is this:
>>    1. Make a copy of /var/lib/glusterd from the affected machine, save
>>    it elsewhere.
>>    2. Configure your new machine (in my case I reverted to a VM
>>    snapshot). Assign the same ip and hostname!
>>    3. Install gluster.
>>    4. Stop the daemons if they are running.
>>    5. Nuke the /var/lib/glusterd directory and replace it with the saved
>>    copy in step 1.
>>    6. Create the brick directory.
>>    7. Get the extended volume attribute from a healthy node like so: getfattr
>>    -e base64 -n trusted.glusterfs.volume-id /data/brick_dir
>>    8. Apply the extended attribute volume id attribute like so: setfattr
>>    -n trusted.glusterfs.volume-id -v 'the_value_you_got_in_7==' /data/brick_dir
>>    9. Start the daemons.
>>    10. FUSE mount the gluster partition through the daemons running
>>    locally. So the /etc/fstab would contain something like:
>>    localhost:/gluster_volume /mnt/gluster  glusterfs _netdev,defaults  0
>>    0
>>    11. On the healthy partner machine with another fuse mount point to
>>    the same volume do something like: find /mnt/fuse | xargs stat.
>>    12. Step 8 will make files appear under the mount point on the new
>>    box but the files are not going to be physically in the brick directory --
>>    yet. See 10.
>>    13. Run the heal command from the same host where you ran find. That
>>    will finally sync the files to the brick. Run the heal info command
>>    periodically and the number of files being healed should eventually go down
>>    to 0.
>> That's my experience with the VMs today.
>> On Wed, Oct 5, 2016 at 4:46 PM, Joe Julian <joe at julianfamily.org> wrote:
>>> What I always do is just shut it down, repair (or replace) the brick,
>>> then start it up again with "... start $volname force".
>>> On October 5, 2016 11:27:36 PM GMT+02:00, Sergei Gerasenko <
>>> sgerasenko74 at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>> Hi, sorry if this has been asked before but the documentation is a bit
>>>> conflicting in various sources on what to do exactly.
>>>> I have an 6-node, distributed replicated cluster with a replica factor
>>>> of 2. So it's 3 pairs of servers. I need to remove a server from one of
>>>> those replica sets, rebuild it and put it back in.
>>>> What's the tried and proven sequence of steps for this? Any pointers
>>>> would be very useful.
>>>> Thanks!
>>>>   Sergei
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>>> --
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