[Gluster-users] Fail of one brick lead to crash VMs

Steve Dainard sdainard at spd1.com
Wed Feb 10 22:22:18 UTC 2016

For what it's worth, I've never been able to lose a brick in a 2 brick
replica volume and still be able to write data.

I've also found the documentation confusing as to what 'Option:
cluster.server-quorum-type' actually means.
Default Value: (null)
Description: This feature is on the server-side i.e. in glusterd.
Whenever the glusterd on a machine observes that the quorum is not
met, it brings down the bricks to prevent data split-brains. When the
network connections are brought back up and the quorum is restored the
bricks in the volume are brought back up.

It seems to be implying a brick quorum, but I think it actually means
a glusterd quorum. In other words, if 2/3 glusterd processes fail,
take the brick offline. This would seem to make sense in your


There are also two other quorum settings which seem to be more focused
on brick count/ratio to form quorum:

Option: cluster.quorum-type
Default Value: none
Description: If value is "fixed" only allow writes if quorum-count
bricks are present.  If value is "auto" only allow writes if more than
lf of bricks, or exactly half including the first, are present.

Option: cluster.quorum-count
Default Value: (null)
Description: If quorum-type is "fixed" only allow writes if this many
bricks or present.  Other quorum types will OVERWRITE this value.

So you might be able to set type as 'fixed' and count as '1' and with
cluster.server-quorum-type: server
already enabled get what you want.

But again, I've never had this work properly, and always ended up with
split-brains which are difficult to resolve when you're storing vm
images rather than files.

Your other options are; use your 3rd server as another brick, and do
replica 3 (which I've had good success with).

Or seeing as you're using 3.7 you could look into arbiter nodes if
they're stable in current version.

On Mon, Feb 8, 2016 at 6:20 AM, Dominique Roux
<dominique.roux at ungleich.ch> wrote:
> Hi guys,
> I faced a problem a week ago.
> In our environment we have three servers in a quorum. The gluster volume
> is spreaded over two bricks and has the type replicated.
> We now, for simulating a fail of one brick, isolated one of the two
> bricks with iptables, so that communication to the other two peers
> wasn't possible anymore.
> After that VMs (opennebula) which had I/O in this time crashed.
> We stopped the glusterfsd hard (kill -9) and restarted it, what made
> things work again (Certainly we also had to restart the failed VMs). But
> I think this shouldn't happen. Since quorum was not reached (2/3 hosts
> were still up and connected).
> Here some infos of our system:
> OS: CentOS Linux release 7.1.1503
> Glusterfs version: glusterfs 3.7.3
> gluster volume info:
> Volume Name: cluster1
> Type: Replicate
> Volume ID:
> Status: Started
> Number of Bricks: 1 x 2 = 2
> Transport-type: tcp
> Bricks:
> Brick1: srv01:/home/gluster
> Brick2: srv02:/home/gluster
> Options Reconfigured:
> cluster.self-heal-daemon: enable
> cluster.server-quorum-type: server
> network.remote-dio: enable
> cluster.eager-lock: enable
> performance.stat-prefetch: on
> performance.io-cache: off
> performance.read-ahead: off
> performance.quick-read: off
> server.allow-insecure: on
> nfs.disable: 1
> Hope you can help us.
> Thanks a lot.
> Best regards
> Dominique
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