[Gluster-users] performance.cache-size for high-RAM clients/servers, other tweaks for performance, and improvements to Gluster docs

Artem Russakovskii archon810 at gmail.com
Tue Apr 10 05:47:33 UTC 2018

Hi Vlad,

I'm using only localhost: mounts.

Can you please explain what effect each option has on performance issues
shown in my posts? "negative-timeout=10,attribute-timeout=30,fopen-
keep-cache,direct-io-mode=enable,fetch-attempts=5" From what I remember,
direct-io-mode=enable didn't make a difference in my tests, but I suppose I
can try again. The explanations about direct-io-mode are quite confusing on
the web in various guides, saying enabling it could make performance worse
in some situations and better in others due to OS file cache.

There are also these gluster volume settings, adding to the confusion:
Option: performance.strict-o-direct
Default Value: off
Description: This option when set to off, ignores the O_DIRECT flag.

Option: performance.nfs.strict-o-direct
Default Value: off
Description: This option when set to off, ignores the O_DIRECT flag.

Re: 4.0. I moved to 4.0 after finding out that it fixes the disappearing
dirs bug related to cluster.readdir-optimize if you remember (
http://lists.gluster.org/pipermail/gluster-users/2018-April/033830.html). I
was already on 3.13 by then, and 4.0 resolved the issue. It's been stable
for me so far, thankfully.


Founder, Android Police <http://www.androidpolice.com>, APK Mirror
<http://www.apkmirror.com/>, Illogical Robot LLC
beerpla.net | +ArtemRussakovskii
<https://plus.google.com/+ArtemRussakovskii> | @ArtemR

On Mon, Apr 9, 2018 at 10:38 PM, Vlad Kopylov <vladkopy at gmail.com> wrote:

> you definitely need mount options to /etc/fstab
> use ones from here http://lists.gluster.org/piper
> mail/gluster-users/2018-April/033811.html
> I went on with using local mounts to achieve performance as well
> Also, 3.12 or 3.10 branches would be preferable for production
> On Fri, Apr 6, 2018 at 4:12 AM, Artem Russakovskii <archon810 at gmail.com>
> wrote:
>> Hi again,
>> I'd like to expand on the performance issues and plead for help. Here's
>> one case which shows these odd hiccups: https://i.imgur.com/CXBPjTK.gifv.
>> In this GIF where I switch back and forth between copy operations on 2
>> servers, I'm copying a 10GB dir full of .apk and image files.
>> On server "hive" I'm copying straight from the main disk to an attached
>> volume block (xfs). As you can see, the transfers are relatively speedy and
>> don't hiccup.
>> On server "citadel" I'm copying the same set of data to a 4-replicate
>> gluster which uses block storage as a brick. As you can see, performance is
>> much worse, and there are frequent pauses for many seconds where nothing
>> seems to be happening - just freezes.
>> All 4 servers have the same specs, and all of them have performance
>> issues with gluster and no such issues when raw xfs block storage is used.
>> hive has long finished copying the data, while citadel is barely chugging
>> along and is expected to take probably half an hour to an hour. I have over
>> 1TB of data to migrate, at which point if we went live, I'm not even sure
>> gluster would be able to keep up instead of bringing the machines and
>> services down.
>> Here's the cluster config, though it didn't seem to make any difference
>> performance-wise before I applied the customizations vs after.
>> Volume Name: apkmirror_data1
>> Type: Replicate
>> Volume ID: 11ecee7e-d4f8-497a-9994-ceb144d6841e
>> Status: Started
>> Snapshot Count: 0
>> Number of Bricks: 1 x 4 = 4
>> Transport-type: tcp
>> Bricks:
>> Brick1: nexus2:/mnt/nexus2_block1/apkmirror_data1
>> Brick2: forge:/mnt/forge_block1/apkmirror_data1
>> Brick3: hive:/mnt/hive_block1/apkmirror_data1
>> Brick4: citadel:/mnt/citadel_block1/apkmirror_data1
>> Options Reconfigured:
>> cluster.quorum-count: 1
>> cluster.quorum-type: fixed
>> network.ping-timeout: 5
>> network.remote-dio: enable
>> performance.rda-cache-limit: 256MB
>> performance.readdir-ahead: on
>> performance.parallel-readdir: on
>> network.inode-lru-limit: 500000
>> performance.md-cache-timeout: 600
>> performance.cache-invalidation: on
>> performance.stat-prefetch: on
>> features.cache-invalidation-timeout: 600
>> features.cache-invalidation: on
>> cluster.readdir-optimize: on
>> performance.io-thread-count: 32
>> server.event-threads: 4
>> client.event-threads: 4
>> performance.read-ahead: off
>> cluster.lookup-optimize: on
>> performance.cache-size: 1GB
>> cluster.self-heal-daemon: enable
>> transport.address-family: inet
>> nfs.disable: on
>> performance.client-io-threads: on
>> The mounts are done as follows in /etc/fstab:
>> /dev/disk/by-id/scsi-0Linode_Volume_citadel_block1 /mnt/citadel_block1
>> xfs defaults 0 2
>> localhost:/apkmirror_data1 /mnt/apkmirror_data1 glusterfs
>> defaults,_netdev 0 0
>> I'm really not sure if direct-io-mode mount tweaks would do anything
>> here, what the value should be set to, and what it is by default.
>> The OS is OpenSUSE 42.3, 64-bit. 80GB of RAM, 20 CPUs, hosted by Linode.
>> I'd really appreciate any help in the matter.
>> Thank you.
>> Sincerely,
>> Artem
>> --
>> Founder, Android Police <http://www.androidpolice.com>, APK Mirror
>> <http://www.apkmirror.com/>, Illogical Robot LLC
>> beerpla.net | +ArtemRussakovskii
>> <https://plus.google.com/+ArtemRussakovskii> | @ArtemR
>> <http://twitter.com/ArtemR>
>> On Thu, Apr 5, 2018 at 11:13 PM, Artem Russakovskii <archon810 at gmail.com>
>> wrote:
>>> Hi,
>>> I'm trying to squeeze performance out of gluster on 4 80GB RAM 20-CPU
>>> machines where Gluster runs on attached block storage (Linode) in (4
>>> replicate bricks), and so far everything I tried results in sub-optimal
>>> performance.
>>> There are many files - mostly images, several million - and many
>>> operations take minutes, copying multiple files (even if they're small)
>>> suddenly freezes up for seconds at a time, then continues, iostat
>>> frequently shows large r_await and w_awaits with 100% utilization for the
>>> attached block device, etc.
>>> But anyway, there are many guides out there for small-file performance
>>> improvements, but more explanation is needed, and I think more tweaks
>>> should be possible.
>>> My question today is about performance.cache-size. Is this a size of
>>> cache in RAM? If so, how do I view the current cache size to see if it gets
>>> full and I should increase its size? Is it advisable to bump it up if I
>>> have many tens of gigs of RAM free?
>>> More generally, in the last 2 months since I first started working with
>>> gluster and set a production system live, I've been feeling frustrated
>>> because Gluster has a lot of poorly-documented and confusing options. I
>>> really wish documentation could be improved with examples and better
>>> explanations.
>>> Specifically, it'd be absolutely amazing if the docs offered a strategy
>>> for setting each value and ways of determining more optimal values. For
>>> example, for performance.cache-size, if it said something like "run command
>>> abc to see your current cache size, and if it's hurting, up it, but be
>>> aware that it's limited by RAM," it'd be already a huge improvement to the
>>> docs. And so on with other options.
>>> The gluster team is quite helpful on this mailing list, but in a
>>> reactive rather than proactive way. Perhaps it's tunnel vision once you've
>>> worked on a project for so long where less technical explanations and even
>>> proper documentation of options takes a back seat, but I encourage you to
>>> be more proactive about helping us understand and optimize Gluster.
>>> Thank you.
>>> Sincerely,
>>> Artem
>>> --
>>> Founder, Android Police <http://www.androidpolice.com>, APK Mirror
>>> <http://www.apkmirror.com/>, Illogical Robot LLC
>>> beerpla.net | +ArtemRussakovskii
>>> <https://plus.google.com/+ArtemRussakovskii> | @ArtemR
>>> <http://twitter.com/ArtemR>
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