[Gluster-users] ls performance on directories with small number of items

Aaron Roberts aroberts at domicilium.com
Mon Nov 27 13:18:56 UTC 2017

               I have a situation where an apache web server is trying to locate the IndexDocument for a directory on a gluster volume.  This URL is being hit roughly 20 times per second.  There is only 1 file in this directory.  However, the parent directory does have a large number of items (+123,000 files and dirs) and we are performing operations to move these files into 2 levels of subdirs.

We are seeing very slow response times (around 8 seconds) in apache and also when trying to ls on this dir.  Before we started the migrations to move files on the large parent dir into 2 sub levels, we weren't aware of a problem.

[root at web-02 images]# time ls -l dir1/get/ | wc -l

real    0m8.114s
user    0m0.002s
sys     0m0.014s

Other directories with only 1 item return very quickly (<1 sec).

[root at Web-01 images]# time ls -l dir1/tmp1/ | wc -l

real    0m0.014s
user    0m0.003s
sys     0m0.006s

I'm just trying to understand what would slow down this operation so much.  Is it the high frequency of attempts to read the directory (apache hits to dir1/get/) ?  Do the move operations on items in the parent directory have any impact?

Some background info:

[root at web-02 images]# gluster --version
glusterfs 3.7.20 built on Jan 30 2017 15:39:29
Repository revision: git://git.gluster.com/glusterfs.git
Copyright (c) 2006-2011 Gluster Inc. <http://www.gluster.com>
You may redistribute copies of GlusterFS under the terms of the GNU General Public License.

[root at web-02 images]# gluster vol info

Volume Name: web_vol1
Type: Replicate
Volume ID: 0d63de20-c9c2-4931-b4a3-6aed5ae28057
Status: Started
Number of Bricks: 1 x 2 = 2
Transport-type: tcp
Brick1: web-01:/export/brick1/web_vol1_brick1
Brick2: web-02:/export/brick1/web_vol1_brick1
Options Reconfigured:
performance.readdir-ahead: on
performance.io-thread-count: 32
performance.cache-size: 512MB

Any insight would be gratefully received.


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