[Gluster-users] [Gluster-devel] Feedback on DHT option "cluster.readdir-optimize"

Nithya Balachandran nbalacha at redhat.com
Thu Nov 10 08:17:47 UTC 2016

On 8 November 2016 at 20:21, Kyle Johnson <kjohnson at gnulnx.net> wrote:

> Hey there,
> We have a number of processes which daily walk our entire directory tree
> and perform operations on the found files.
> Pre-gluster, this processes was able to complete within 24 hours of
> starting.  After outgrowing that single server and moving to a gluster
> setup (two bricks, two servers, distribute, 10gig uplink), the processes
> became unusable.
> After turning this option on, we were back to normal run times, with the
> process completing within 24 hours.
> Our data is heavy nested in a large number of subfolders under /media/ftp.

Thanks for getting back to us - this is very good information. Can you
provide a few more details?

How deep is your directory tree and roughly how many directories do you
have at each level?
Are all your files in the lowest level dirs or do they exist on several
Would you be willing to provide the gluster volume info output for this

> A subset of our data:
> 15T of files in 48163 directories under /media/ftp/dig_dis.
> Without readdir-optimize:
> [root at colossus dig_dis]# time ls|wc -l
> 48163
> real    13m1.582s
> user    0m0.294s
> sys     0m0.205s
> With readdir-optimize:
> [root at colossus dig_dis]# time ls | wc -l
> 48163
> real    0m23.785s
> user    0m0.296s
> sys     0m0.108s
> Long story short - this option is super important to me as it resolved an
> issue that would have otherwise made me move my data off of gluster.
> Thank you for all of your work,
> Kyle
> On 11/07/2016 10:07 PM, Raghavendra Gowdappa wrote:
>> Hi all,
>> We have an option in called "cluster.readdir-optimize" which alters the
>> behavior of readdirp in DHT. This value affects how storage/posix treats
>> dentries corresponding to directories (not for files).
>> When this value is on,
>> * DHT asks only one subvol/brick to return dentries corresponding to
>> directories.
>> * Other subvols/bricks filter dentries corresponding to directories and
>> send only dentries corresponding to files.
>> When this value is off (this is the default value),
>> * All subvols return all dentries stored on them. IOW, bricks don't
>> filter any dentries.
>> * Since a directory has one dentry representing it on each subvol, dht
>> (loaded on client) picks up dentry only from hashed subvol.
>> Note that irrespective of value of this option, _all_ subvols return
>> dentries corresponding to files which are stored on them.
>> This option was introduced to boost performance of readdir as (when set
>> on), filtering of dentries happens on bricks and hence there is reduced:
>> 1. network traffic (with filtering all the redundant dentry information)
>> 2. number of readdir calls between client and server for the same number
>> of dentries returned to application (If filtering happens on client, lesser
>> number of dentries in result and hence more number of readdir calls. IOW,
>> result buffer is not filled to maximum capacity).
>> We want to hear from you Whether you've used this option and if yes,
>> 1. Did it really boost readdir performance?
>> 2. Do you've any performance data to find out what was the percentage of
>> improvement (or deterioration)?
>> 3. Data set you had (Number of files, directories and organisation of
>> directories).
>> If we find out that this option is really helping you, we can spend our
>> energies on fixing issues that will arise when this option is set to on.
>> One common issue with turning this option on is that when this option is
>> set, some directories might not show up in directory listing [1]. The
>> reason for this is that:
>> 1. If a directory can be created on a hashed subvol, mkdir (result to
>> application) will be successful, irrespective of result of mkdir on rest of
>> the subvols.
>> 2. So, any subvol we pick to give us dentries corresponding to directory
>> need not contain all the directories and we might miss out those
>> directories in listing.
>> Your feedback is important for us and will help us to prioritize and
>> improve things.
>> [1] https://www.gluster.org/pipermail/gluster-users/2016-October
>> /028703.html
>> regards,
>> Raghavendra
>> _______________________________________________
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>> Gluster-users at gluster.org
>> http://www.gluster.org/mailman/listinfo/gluster-users
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