[Gluster-users] Slow speed with Gluster Backed Xen DomU's

Sheng Yeo sheng.yeo at orionvm.com.au
Mon Jul 19 22:40:40 UTC 2010

Hi Everyone,

Hope your day has been going well. I tried emailing this in a week or so
ago, but i do not think that it got emailed to the group. I am just trying
again, but apologies in advanced if you have already read this. I am
currently using GlusterFS as a distributed SAN backend for the Xen based
cloud platform we are developing.

We deploy Xen virtuals on pairs of servers using GlusterFs V3 in replicate
mode on Debian Stable (Lenny) with Xen 3.2.1 as the hypervisor. I am
currently experiencing a weird issue where within the
virtual machines (DomU) running on a GlusterFS mount only receive
around 10-18MB/s write speeds, but full speed reads.

Our hardware for each node is Dual Core Xeon Processors, 8GB of RAM and 4 *
High Speed SATA drives (RAID 10, around 160MB/s writes and reads).

If I write a file to the Gluster mount in the Dom0 (host) we receive around
90-100MB/s writes (maxing out the GigE link). If I run the virtual machine
on the disks without Gluster I get much higher speeds
within the DomU of around 80-90MB/s.

This slow down only appears to occur on writes. Does anyone with a better
understanding of GlusterFS, Fuse and filesystems have an idea why this is
slowing down. The underlying file system is Ext3 using TAP:AIO within Xen to
connect to a file image based disk. This is without using gluster fuse
client (what benefits does this give?) and Gluster version 3.0.4.

Many Thanks

Here is the current configuration of the servers in replicate:


volume posix
  type storage/posix
  option directory /export

volume locks
  type features/locks
  subvolumes posix

volume brick
  type performance/io-threads
  option thread-count 8
  subvolumes locks

volume server
  type protocol/server
  option transport-type tcp
  option auth.addr.brick.allow 10.*.*.*
  subvolumes brick


volume remote1
  type protocol/client
  option transport-type tcp
  option remote-host node01
  option remote-subvolume brick

volume remote2
  type protocol/client
  option transport-type tcp
  option remote-host node02
  option remote-subvolume brick

volume replicate1
  type cluster/replicate
  subvolumes remote1 remote2

volume writebehind
  type performance/write-behind
  option window-size 1MB
  subvolumes replicate1

volume cache
  type performance/io-cache
  option cache-size 512MB
  subvolumes writebehind

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